A Brief Overview of the New PMBOK - Change Is Inevitable
Samuel Brown, PMP, Global Knowledge Instructor
Project Management Institute (PMI) released the latest revision of their Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK®) in its fourth edition on December 31, 2008. The Fourth Edition addresses a number of inconsistencies in the naming convention for processes that existed in the Third Edition, reorganizes some process, and "tweaks" the fundamental set of processes such that we end up with a few old processes missing and some new "faces" in the mix. All in all the total number of project management processes in the PMBOK dropped from 44 in the Third Edition to 42 in the Fourth Edition.
The changes in the PMBOK Fourth Edition can be summarized into three general categories; Name Changes, Reorganization, and Clarifications. Let's take a look at the processes that have simply been renamed.
All of the processes in the PMBOK Fourth Edition have been brought into consistent compliance with the "verb + noun" naming convention that was established in the previous edition. Specific names changes include:
Old Process Name New Process NameIntegrated Change ControlPerform Integrated Change ControlClose Project Close Project or PhaseScope DefinitionDefine ScopeScope Verification Verify ScopeScope Control Control ScopeActivity Definition Define ActivitiesActivity Sequencing Sequence ActivitiesActivity Resource EstimatingEstimate Activity ResourcesActivity Duration EstimatingEstimate Activity DurationSchedule DevelopmentDevelop ScheduleSchedule ControlControl ScheduleCost EstimatingEstimate CostsCost BudgetingDetermine BudgetCost ControlControl CostsQuality PlanningPlan QualityHuman Resource PlanningDevelop Human Resource PlanCommunication PlanningPlan CommunicationsInformation DistributionDistribute InformationPerformance ReportingReport PerformanceManage StakeholdersManage Stakeholder ExpectationsRisk Management PlanningPlan Risk ManagementRisk IdentificationIdentify RisksQualitative Risk AnalysisPerform Qualitative Risk AnalysisQuantitative Risk Analysis Perform Quantitative Risk AnalysisRisk Response PlanningPlan Risk ResponsesRisk Monitoring and ControlMonitor and Control Risks
In addition to the process name changes, the following processes have been added, reorganized, or redefined in the PMBOK Fourth Edition.
Process NameFinally, there have been several points of clarification in the PMBOK Fourth Edition in an effort to distinguish various elements within the overall project management framework. Specific attention is given to the differences between the Project Management Plan and the other project management documents. The Project Management Plan is defined as being comprised of the various management plans for each of the fundamental aspects of project management (change, configuration, cost, process improvement, schedule, quality, risk, human resource, requirements, procurement, and scope) and the performance measurement baselines (schedule, scope, and cost).
Change in PMBOK Fourth Edition
Develop Preliminary Scope
Added to Scope Management
Added to Communication Management
Procurement Management Processes
Reorganized and redefined
Plan Purchases and Acquisitions
Plan Contracting, Request Seller Responses, and Select Sellers
Additionally, the PMBOK Fourth Edition worked to eliminate some of the redundancy that existed in the prior version of the PMBOK with regard to the distinction between the Project Charter and the Project Scope Statement. The Project Charter elements remained much the same as defined in the PMBOK Third Edition, with focus on defining the project purpose, high-level requirements, high-level project and product descriptions, measurable objectives, and summary milestones and budget. The Project Scope Statement, on the other hand, has been redefined to focus more specifically on the progre