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الموضوع: ارجو الافادة بخصوص Boot.ini

  1. #1
    عضو
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Dec 2005
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    ارجو الافادة بخصوص Boot.ini



    اخوانى مشرفين و اعضاء منتدانا الرائع هذا .. بعد التحية ،،
    ارجو منكم افادتى بخصوص ملف Boot.ini الخاص بتشغيل الويندوز
    الملف مكتوب فيه :
    [boot loader]
    timeout=5
    default=multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOW S
    [operating systems]
    multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(0)partition(1)\WINDOWS="Micro soft Windows XP Professional" /noexecute=optin /fastdetect
    ما هى اوامر هذا الملف التى تكتب مثل nonexecute ، /fastdetect/
    و هل توجد اوامر اخرى مثلهم و ما فائدة كل امر منهم او فيما استخدمه ؟؟؟
    ارجو منكم افادتى سريعاً بشأن هذا السؤال

  2. #2
    عضو
    تاريخ التسجيل
    Mar 2007
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    رد: ارجو الافادة بخصوص Boot.ini



    السلام عليكم
    You should understand the function of each part of the Boot.ini file before you
    modify it. Understanding the components of the file and their functions will
    enable you to safely edit the file.
    Components of the Boot.ini File
    The Boot.ini file is comprised of two sections:
    ! The [boot loader] section, which contains the time-out setting and the path
    to the default operating system.
    ! The [operating systems] section, which contains paths to each operating
    system that is installed on the computer.
    If you perform a new installation of, or upgrade to, Windows XP
    Professional, and there are no other operating systems on the computer, the
    Boot.ini file will contain only an entry for the Windows XP Professional
    operating system. If you install Windows XP Professional in a dual-boot
    configuration, there will be an entry for each operating system.
    The Ntldr file uses the information in the Boot.ini file to display the options on
    the Please Select an Operating System to Start menu.
    ARC Paths
    The Boot.ini file uses Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) paths to point to the
    partition(s) on which the operating system(s) reside. The following are
    examples of ARC paths:
    SCSI(0)disk(1)rdisk(0)partition(1)\Windows=Microso ft Windows
    XP
    multi(0)disk(0)rdisk(1)partition(2)\Windows=Micros oft Windows
    2000

    The following table contains a description of each part of the naming path.

    Convention Description
    Scsi(x) Specifies a SCSI controller on which the SCSI BIOS is not
    enabled. The x represents a number that indicates the load order of
    the controller.
    Controller numbering begins at 0.
    Multi(x) Specifies any controller other than one that uses the SCSI(x)
    convention, defined in this table. The x represents a number that
    indicates the load order of the controller.
    Disk The SCSI ID. For multi, the y value for Disk is always 0. For
    SCSI, it identifies the disk on which the operating system resides.
    Rdisk(z) The number that identifies the disk on which the operating
    system resides.
    Partition(a) Specifies the partition on which the operating system resides.

    Boot.ini Switches

    You can add a number of switches to the [operating system] entries in the
    Boot.ini file. The following table contains the most commonly used switches
    and their functions.
    Some Switchs
    /basevideo Boots the computer by using the standard VGA video driver. Use this witch to start Windows XP Professional if a video driver is not functioning, and then change the driver while you are logged on.
    /bootlog Enables boot logging to Ntbtlog.txt in the systemroot folder. For more information about boot logging, see Windows XP Professional Help.
    /debug Loads the Windows kernel debugger when you start Windows XP Professional.
    /fastdetect=[com |comx,y,z] Included with every entry by default, this switch disables serial mouse detection when a port is specified, and disables peripheral detection on all COM ports when a port is not specified.
    /maxmem:n Specifies the amount of RAM that Windows XP Professional uses. Use this switch when you suspect that a memory chip is corrupted. (Where n is the amount of RAM in the computer in KB.)
    /noguiboot Boots the computer without displaying the graphical boot status.
    /safeboot:parameter Forces the computer to start in safe mode by using the specified parameters. These startup options are also available by pressing the F8 key when prompted at startup.
    /sos Displays device drivers as they are being loaded. Use this switch if you suspect that a startup problem is caused by a corrupted driver.

    i hope my info helped you to understand the boot.ini files
    source: MOC Windows XP course 2272B
    _____________
    Yasser Kassem

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